A few years ago Richard Stengel, managing editor of Time Magazine, compiled a list of Nelson Mandela’s Eight Lessons of Leadership. Stengel said that the lessons were pieced together from conversations and interviews with Mandela, after observing him from many years.

The lessons, he says, “are calibrated to cause the best kind of trouble: the trouble that forces us to ask how we can make the world a better place.”

Here’s the list.

1. Courage is not the absence of fear — it’s inspiring others to move beyond it.

2. Lead from the front — but don’t leave your base behind.

3. Lead from the back — and let others believe they are in front.

4. Know your enemy — and learn about his favorite sport.

5. Keep your friends close — and your rivals even closer.

6. Appearances matter — and remember to smile.

7. Nothing is black or white.

8. Quitting is leading too.

Here’s a link to the original article.